2 marked by absence of sound; "a silent house"; "soundless footsteps on the grass"; "the night was still" [syn: silent, soundless]
3 free from disturbance; "a ribbon of sand between the angry sea and the placid bay"; "the quiet waters of a lagoon"; "a lake of tranquil blue water reflecting a tranquil blue sky"; "a smooth channel crossing"; "scarcely a ripple on the still water"; "unruffled water" [syn: placid, quiet, tranquil, unruffled]
4 used of pictures; of a single or static photograph not presented so as to create the illusion of motion; or representing objects not capable of motion; "a still photograph"; "Cezanne's still life of apples" [ant: moving]
6 free from noticeable current; "a still pond"; "still waters run deep"
1 a static photograph (especially one taken from a movie and used for advertising purposes); "he wanted some stills for a magazine ad"
3 an apparatus used for the distillation of liquids; consists of a vessel in which a substance is vaporized by heat and a condenser where the vapor is condensed
4 a plant and works where alcoholic drinks are made by distillation [syn: distillery] adv
1 with reference to action or condition; without change, interruption, or cessation; "it's still warm outside"; "will you still love me when we're old and grey?" [ant: no longer]
2 despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession); "although I'm a little afraid, however I'd like to try it"; "while we disliked each other, nevertheless we agreed"; "he was a stern yet fair master"; "granted that it is dangerous, all the same I still want to go" [syn: however, nevertheless, withal, yet, all the same, even so, nonetheless, notwithstanding]
3 to a greater degree or extent; used with comparisons; "looked sick and felt even worse"; "an even (or still) more interesting problem"; "still another problem must be solved"; "a yet sadder tale" [syn: even, yet]
4 without moving or making a sound; "he sat still as a statue"; "time stood still"; "they waited stock-still outside the door"; "he couldn't hold still any longer" [syn: stock-still]
1 make calm or still; "quiet the dragons of worry and fear" [syn: calm, calm down, quiet, tranquilize, tranquillize, tranquillise, quieten, lull] [ant: agitate]
2 cause to be quiet or not talk; "Please silence the children in the church!" [syn: hush, quieten, silence, shut up, hush up] [ant: louden]
3 lessen the intensity of or calm; "The news eased my conscience"; "still the fears" [syn: allay, relieve, ease]
4 make motionless
- /stɪl/, /stIl/
- Rhymes with: -ɪl
- at the present time, as in the past.
- Is it still raining?
- I’m not hungry, but I’ll still manage to find room for dessert.
- to an even greater degree. (Used to modify comparative
adjectives or adverbs.)
- Tom is tall; Dick is taller; Harry is still taller.
at present, as in the past
to an even greater degree
a period of calm or silence
photography: a non-moving photograph
slang: a resident of the Falkland Islands
Etymology 2Via , ultimately from stilla
- a device for distilling liquids.
- In the context of "catering, stills": Area in restaurant used to make tea and coffee separate from main kitchen.
a device for distilling liquids
Catering, stills: Area in restaurant used to make tea and coffee separate from main kitchen
to calm down
A still is an apparatus used to distill miscible or immiscible (eg. steam distillation) liquid mixtures by heating to selectively boil and then cooling to condense the vapor. Stills have been used to produce perfume and medicine, Water for Injection (WFI) for pharmaceutical use, generally to separate and purify different chemicals, and most famously, to produce distilled beverages containing ethyl alcohol.
ApplicationMain article: distilled beverage
Since ethyl alcohol boils at a lower temperature than water, a common application of the process of distillation is to produce strong alcoholic drinks. Usually a still used for this purpose is made of copper, since it removes sulfur-based compounds from the alcohol that would make it unpleasant to drink. Modern stills are made of stainless steel with copper innards (piping, for example, will be lagged with copper along with copper plate inlays along still walls). Using this combination of metals is much cheaper as it prevents erosion of the entire vessel and lowers copper levels in the waste product (which in large distilleries is processed to become animal feed). All copper stills will require repairs about every 8 years because of copper erosion from the compounds it is designed to remove; this erosion is therefore unavoidable. The alcohol industry was the first to use anything close to a modern distillation apparatus and led the way in developing what is now a large part of the chemical industry.
The simplest standard distillation apparatus is commonly known as a pot still, consisting of a single heated chamber and a vessel to collect purified alcohol. A pot still incorporates only one condensation, whereas other types of distillation equipment have multiple stages which result in higher purification of the more volatile component (alcohol). Pot still distillation gives an incomplete separation, but this can be desirable for the flavor of some distilled beverages.
If a purer distillate is desired, a reflux still is the most common solution. Reflux stills incorporate a fractionating column, commonly created by filling copper vessels with glass beads to maximize available surface area. As alcohol boils, condenses, and reboils through the column, the effective number of distillations greatly increases. Vodka and rum are both distilled by this method, then diluted to concentrations appropriate for human consumption.
Alcoholic products from home distilleries is common throughout the world, but is sometimes in violation of local statutes. The product of illegal stills in the United States is commonly referred to as moonshine.
still in German: Brennblase
still in Spanish: Alambique
still in French: Alambic
still in Galician: Alambique
still in Italian: Alambicco
still in Polish: Alembik
still in Portuguese: Alambique
still in Simple English: Still
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